Human and Neanderthal brains share a surprisingly ‘juvenile’ quality, new research shows

Human and Neanderthal brains share a surprisingly ‘juvenile’ quality, new research shows

Many believe that our particularly large brain makes us human – but is there more to it? The shape of the brain, as well as the shapes of its component parts (lobes) can also be important.

Findings from a study we published in Nature Ecology & Evolution on Thursday (January 5). (opens in new tab) show that the way the different parts of the human brain evolved sets us apart from our primate relatives. In a way, our brains never grow up. We only share this “Peter Pan syndrome” with one other primate – the Neanderthal.

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